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Crolly Dolls: Ireland’s Doll-making past

Made first in the Donegal Gaeltacht/ Irish-speaking district of Gweedore in 1939, Crolly dolls are an Irish doll that form part of Ireland’s cultural, economic and social history. From the Museum of Childhood, Músaem Óige na hÉireann, The People’s Museum of Limerick are currently displaying a selection of dolls that trace the evolution and history of the popular and collectable Crolly doll.

At the start of Ireland’s toy making industry in the late 1930s, Irish dolls were made with softcloth bodies and dressed in a simple cotton dress. These earliest dolls were sold widely to the Irish market. Despite rationings brought about by the Second World War, the Crolly doll company imported silk and velvatine from Japan from the mid-1940s onwards. The Irish lace, ribbon and button Crolly dolls are dressed in was bought and manufactured in Ireland. (1)

Crolly dolls were made in variable sizes and designs. They got their name from the post office in the Donegal village of Crolly, the main export place for the Irish doll company. A factory in Crolly village and another plant in Spiddal County Galway hired local children and young women to create moulds for, hand paint, assemble and dress dolls. The young work force of these factories reflects the Irish government’s attempt in the first half of the twentieth century to keep young people in Ireland’s rural Gaeltachts with urban-focused industry.

By 1979, the Crolly doll range consisted of approximately 120 doll designs (2). The People’s Museum of Limerick have both early and later examples of Crolly plastic dolls. Some of these dolls were sold to Ireland’s domestic market whilst others were designed specifically for international audiences. For the Irish market in the 1950s, there was a great variety of toys from which children and adults alike could pick and choose from. However, it was the Crolly dolls attention to detail and value for money that made them stand out from the crowd for the Irish buyer (3).

Sold initially to Ireland’s domestic market as play-dolls, Crolly dolls dressed in Irish homespun tweed, hand-knit and linen are today exported all over the world as collectors items (4). Included in the museum’s displayed dolls are four variations of ‘Larry the Leprechaun’; a doll first made in the 1950s with bright blue eyes and an animated, elfish face. In the 1960s, Larry the Leprechaun was a prize in a promotional competition for the Irish branded butter, Kerrygold. Kerrygold’s prizes of Irish linen and Crolly dolls was so popular with British consumers that the butter company received letters from prize winters that their ‘luck had changed from the moment they got their Larry the Leprechaun’.

Thanks to team member Aisling for researching and writing this piece.

1 Charlotte Raftery, ‘The dolls and toys of Irelands past part two’ in Doll Reader (May, 1988) p.73

2 Ibid. Charlotte Raftery, ‘The dolls and toys of Irelands past part two’ in Doll Reader (May, 1988) p.73

3 Irish Times, 1 Dec. 1955.

4 Irish Press, 17 Mar. 1955.

7 replies on “Crolly Dolls: Ireland’s Doll-making past”

I still have my Crolly Doll, I got her for Christmas back in 1966. But I had to have repaired back in 1994 in the Dolls hospital in Dublin.

As I have no Children of my own I will be passing her on to my youngest niece.
Your post is very interesting to know where the Crolly Dolls were made.
Thank you so much

Very interest article, thank you. I have 2 questions. 1. Do you know who designed the classic Crolly doll face. 2. Who & where were the metal mould’s made.
Kind regards,

Hi Melissa! At the beginning of the toy-making industry at Crolly, the dolls had a ceramic tie-on-head with sleep or painted eyes imported from an English company, Cast Pottery Limited. In 1944, a full-time German soft toy designer was employed by the doll company. In later years, the designing was done by Crolly personnel themselves, but the doll eyes were imported from England, Germany and America. For the dolls molding, sawdust composition and hard-bodied parts of the dolls were imported from Dee & Cee doll company in Canada before 1959. After 1959, the Crolly factory installed their own plastic molding machines and molded their own heads, bodies ad limbs. This molding process was then continued in Spiddal County Galway until 1979. You may find more information from the Museum of Childhood Ireland website:

Hi,I received a crolly doll for Christmas 1965. Sadly over the yrs she ended up in the attic and is in need of repair. Do you know where I could have her restored please?

I bought a Crolly Doll in Gweedore Co Donegal about 9 years ago. My certificate of authenticity has the following a 353 74 9548649
Hope this will be of some help

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